Parasites & Worms In Dogs – [Infographic]

Dogs are our best family companions, and they have always been treated with much care. Frequent grooming has always been a basic routine to keep them free from parasites and to maintain their normal health.

Seeking help from the veterinarian is always the ultimate remedy in severe conditions, such as toxicity and infestations. It is always important to monitor their behavior to notice any difference in their water consumption or a decrease in appetite.

During their lifetime, it is usual for them to be infected by both internal and external parasites. They will always feel uncomfortable, and most of the time you will notice how unhappy they are during play. They usually become sluggish and develop other visible symptoms which need quick medical attention.

Some of these parasites are not only dangerous to your dog’s health but are likely to affect people around him posing a threat to anyone within arm’s reach. Worms are known to cause consistent irritation and are mostly found in the intestines and other internal organs.

It might be difficult for you to recognize the stature of their condition during the early stages until the visible symptoms create an awareness. These worms come in different forms and can be acquired from various environments. It also depends on where your dog sleeps and other breeds they while interacting.

There are several ways in which they become infected which means that you should be keen to notice any change in their behavior. Addressing the issue at the earliest time possible is necessary and reduces excess spending on health care. It is essential to be aware of the causes, symptoms and how to get rid of the parasites.

Sometimes, prevention is always better than cure. You can always help maintain your dog’s health by taking them regularly for checkups. The vets always determine their health status and recommend the right treatment in case of any symptoms of infection.

A picture is worth a thousand words, so we created an infographic explains the types of parasites and worms in dogs and also their causes, symptoms and treatments.

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What Causes Parasites and Worms In Dogs?

Parasites & Worms In Dogs

There are various causes of infections in dogs, and they are likely to be tainted within a short period of a change in environment. Dogs may contact worms while licking themselves, during pregnancy, or swallowing fleas.

Animal health experts have also found that mosquito bites transmit heartworms, and that mother dogs infected by the parasites can pass them to their puppies. They can also acquire the infections when associating with other dog breeds that are highly infested. Hookworms can also be contacted while adult dogs are grooming themselves.

Medication is usually the best remedy for such conditions. The vet prescribes them according to the level of severity, and it might be useful in counteracting the effect of the infection.

Fungi spores are also known to be one of the leading causes of worms in dogs originating from dirt. An example is a ringworm which causes a skin infection and is classified as a fungus. All these causes arise from the different environments in which the dogs are bred.

What Are The Symptoms of Parasites and Worms In Dogs?

Symptoms are any change in behavior or slight changes in your dog’s coating or skin. During the initial stages of infection, it may be difficult to determine any signs of worms since they breed internally. They develop and multiply after some time before you can see the symptoms. There are several signs which indicate parasite infection in dogs. They include:


This condition is usually accompanied by traces of blood that shows severe cases of infection. Individual administration of the drugs may not be a better alternative, and it is advisable to seek medical attention from your veterinarian. It can also be a sign of other conditions besides worms in their system.


There are times when you will see them vomiting with worms that are visible. Their body mechanism will be striving to eradicate the parasites through any openings. It may be scary sometimes, but it is an indication that there are several worms present their body which needs quick medical attention.

Rubbing Their Rear Against The Surfaces

This action is a sign of itchiness, and the dog may try to reduce the irritation by scratching themselves on the walls or furniture. It indicates that more worms are concentrated in that area, and they would always do it frequently. It will show that he is uncomfortable with the change in behavior.


Dogs with roundworms and hookworms will tend to cough in an attempt to ease their throat from irritation. You are likely to see some of the worms which show the severity of their condition.

Change In Appetite

Your dog may develop the lack of appetite and would not be able to complete the daily amount of food you offer him. Some may not enjoy their favorite dishes too and would just take a few bites before turning away.

It can be different in other cases depending on the worms inside their system as others would have increased hunger. It is caused by the parasites taking more of the nutrients from their body which stimulates the need for ingesting more food.

Potbelly Appearance

Puppies have the likelihood of acquiring worms from their mother the fact they will always be around her. It usually affects puppies.

Loss of Energy And Decreased Weight

Worms will always wear them out, and they become less active than before the infection. Because they do not eat, it reduces their weight and worms such as whipworm and tapeworm deteriorate their health.

How to Get Rid of Infections In Dogs:

There are several ways in which you can get eliminate all the infections in dogs. You can use therapeutic or natural methods of treatment.

Medicinal Treatment

Administering treatment using medicine involves first determining the type of worms present in your dog’s system. The vets can recommend specific medications depending on the severity of the infection. Several tests have to be performed on their stool in situations where you suspect chances of infestation.

Oral medication is usually administered if your dog has hookworms or roundworms. They are often given a dewormer, and most vets recommend that you take them after three or six weeks to check for any signs of reinfection.

Fenbendazole and Pyrantel  Pamoate are some of the deworming medications that can be prescribed by the veterinarian. Heartworm medicine can also manage reinfestation by being administered monthly or periodically. If your dog is found to have tapeworms, Epsiprantel and Praziquantel are the commonly prescribed drugs for their condition.

Natural Treatment

The first step is to perform a stool test by consulting your vet to check any signs of worms. You can also inquire about any precautions to consider before giving your dog any form of natural treatments. Garlic is known to boost dogs’ immunity by reducing the level of cholesterol in their system. It also works efficiently in their digestive tract by getting rid of intestinal worms.

Other natural herbs you can use are wormwood, fennel, or cloves which have similar properties to garlic. They eliminate any internal parasites or worms which cause irritation and other symptoms which become visible at the later stages of infestation. They also work by improving their immunity to fight against infections.

Animal health experts have also found that feeding your dog with fresh white pumpkin seeds can help get rid of the worms. It is important to consult your veterinarian who is in a position of determining your dog’s stature and recommend the right procedures of natural treatment.

This video shows you how to get rid of worms in dogs with home remedies:

How to Prevent Infections In Dogs?

An improved immune system determines the likelihood of your dog being infected by worms. A dog having an active immunity is less likely to contact any worms or parasites, unlike the others. Their body mechanism fights the infections at the early stages and helps in preventing the severity of their condition.

It is important to give your dog the best diet to maintain a healthy and active immunity. Some of the foods which are preferable are raw meat, whole foods and other natural meals recommended by your vet.

There are other medications you should avoid for maintain their overall health. Vaccines and antibiotics are some of the pharmaceutical drugs which pose life-threatening conditions in the long run. Their composition is known to have some toxic elements that are harmful to your dog’s health.

Another way of preventing your dog from contracting intestinal worms is by cleaning their beddings and ensuring your entire compound is free of poop. They are known to be the breeding grounds of worms and other parasites that act as a potential threat to their well-being. Some of the foods that can be used to fight the pests include dried coconut, trace minerals, fruits, and vegetables.

Frequent checkups are necessary to ensure he is safe from internal or external parasites. You can take them to the vet every three weeks to access their stature and prevent severe cases of infestation. Washing or grooming their coats regularly are the primary ways you can prevent your dog from various parasites.

Types of Parasites and Worms In Dogs:


Coccidia is a kind of worm that breeds inside the intestines. They are single-celled parasites which are common in puppies but may also pose a threat to the larger dogs. They are majorly contained in dog feces or soil that contains Coccidia. See more: Coccidia In Dogs

Ear Mites

These are tiny parasites which breed on the ear canal surface in dogs. It is impossible to see them, and they extrude a brownish ear wax in the infected area. They are dangerous and can be transmitted to other dogs within arm’s reach. See more: Ear Mites In Dogs


These parasites are present in both warm and cold kinds of weather because of their life cycle by breeding indoors. They usually move very fast on dogs’ coats which lead to irritation, and you will often see them scratching themselves on surfaces. It causes skin allergies and other conditions such as reddened skin, and patches of hair loss. See more: Fleas On Dogs


These are parasites that are found in the intestines and affects both puppies and older dogs. Giardia is usually found in water or dog’s feces around the compound. They get in their body through swallowing which often results in diarrhea. Weight loss or probably death are the long-term causes of Giardiasis. See more: Giardia In Dogs


These are parasites that are spread by mosquitos and breed in the heart and lungs once they are fully mature. They affect the flow of blood and various organs in your dog’s system. You will see them coughing frequently and may run short of breath sometimes. See more: Heartworms In Dogs


They are internal parasites which feed on dogs’ blood and are found on the linings of intestinal walls. They are transmitted to the environment by deposition of larvae through feces. They can penetrate the skin of dogs by contact or swallow dirt while licking themselves. See more: Hookworms In Dogs


It is also referred to as Demodex or Canine Demodicosis. They breed in the oil glands and hair follicles at the surface of your dog’s skin. Demodex is the parasite known to cause mange which brings about patches of hair loss. It is usually caused by itching and mild irritation and often affects puppies. See more: Mange In Dogs


They are common in puppies and can be passed from the mother during birth. Others can be ingested while they eat larvae eggs in the environment or while drinking milk from their mother. Symptoms include weight loss, diarrhea, vomiting or a potbelly, especially in puppies. See more: Roundworms In Dogs


Scabies is caused by a parasite called Sarcoptes scabiei mite and is often referred to as Sarcoptic mange. The parasite results in patches of hair loss while forcing themselves into the skin causing itching. It is prominent in all dog breeds and can infect them at different ages the fact that it is a non-seasonal parasite. See more: Scabies In Dogs


They are usually long and consist of numerous segments and reproductive organs. They are different species of tapeworms which infect dogs at the various stages and are difficult to control. The parts can be found on the rear end of dogs, and they have a white appearance. They can also be found in their beddings and dog feces around the compound. See more: Tapeworms In Dogs


Ticks are blood suckers that survive by feeding on blood. They normally host in confiscated places in your dog’s body. Ticks can be found throughout the whole year but are normally more active during autumn and spring seasons. They can cause very severe conditions to your dog if they are present in a very large number. See more: Ticks On Dogs


Whipworm is a highly contagious parasite. Their eggs can be transmitted through other dog’s stool or contaminated soil. Once the eggs contact with the commensal bacteria in the small intestine often hatch immediately. Whipworms do not feed on blood but they cause inflammation and this results in bleeding. See more: Whipworms in Dogs

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