Caucasian Shepherd Dog Breed Information | Dogs 101 Caucasian Shepherd

When people think about the Caucasian Shepherd, three characteristics come to mind: fearless, kind, and bold. This dog is known as a serious guardian breed. It’s one that people should never take lightly. They were initially bred to protect properties from trespassers, guard livestock, and ward off predatory species such as coyotes and wolves.

When it comes to protecting their loved ones, they will not back down from a fight even against large wildlife creatures such as bears. While these dogs are smaller, they are more intelligent and more agile. This makes them outstanding watchdogs and guard dogs. But these are not the only traits that make them unique.


According to archives, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest Molasser breeds. They originated from the Caucasus Mountain and have been around for more than 2000 years. Unfortunately, their ancestry remains a mystery.

Many believe that the Caucasian Shepherd Dog originated from wolves and were domesticated to become companion dogs. Others, however, claim that these dogs originated from sheepdogs that migrated from Tibet. But according to recent findings, there’s enough evidence that the Caucasian Shepherd Dog originated in Mesopotamia as guard dogs.

It wasn’t until the 1960s when these dogs regained their popularity among mankind. at first, Germans assigned this dog to work as patrol dogs. And in the 1990s, the communist USSR started to use Caucasian Shepherd Dog as prisoner guard dogs. As years passed, more people took an interest in the special traits of this dog. To this date, the Caucasian Shepherds that most people have are watchdogs, property guardians, and family companions.

Other Names

This dog possesses many aliases and nicknames. It is known by a different name for each culture. Here are a few of them: Caucasian Sheepdog, Caucasian Ovcharka, Armenian Khobun Dog, Azerbaijani Shepherd Dog, and Kav-kas-ka-ia Ov-tchar-ka. They are also called Sage Ghafghazi, Georgian Nagazi, Caucasian Ovtcharka, and Circassian Sheep Dog among many others. For this breed to have this many names, it must be very popular since time immemorial. Did you know that these dogs can live up to 12 years? For a large breed, it has a long lifespan. This could be one of the reasons our ancestors wanted to have a Caucasian Shepherd of their own.


Male Caucasian Shepherds are slightly larger than females. They can grow from 26 to 29 inches and weigh up to 154 pounds. Females, on the other hand, can grow up to 28 inches and weigh 110 pounds. If you haven’t seen a Caucasian Shepherd Dog yet, imagine how big they are. They can grow more than two feet tall. It’s no surprise that they make effective watchdogs and protectors. These dogs have the strength, size, and agility to ward off even the biggest wildlife creatures.


The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is known for its loving and loyal nature. However, they can be fierce protectors especially if they sense that their family’s in danger. These creatures are distrustful of strangers and are not welcoming to unfamiliar animals. Thankfully, these dogs are intelligent and easy to train. They just need discipline and consistency to unleash more of their positive traits and suppress their apprehension. With patience, you can see how dedicated and loving these dogs really are.

Pet Compatibility

Many people believe that the Caucasian Shepherd Dog finds it difficult to socialize with other animals. However, if they’re used to one another, you can see that this large breed is capable of building a friendly and familial relationship with other animals. And it is not only limited to dogs. They can also build friendships with smaller creatures such as cats and rabbits. But of course, early socialization is necessary to suppress their aggression and redirect their prey drive into something else other than hunting.


The original purpose of this dog is to protect livestock. This is why it is apparent that they’re assertive, strong-willed, and courageous. However, they can be overprotective of their territory. This makes them dangerous to strangers. To suppress this aggression, proper training and socialization as required. This keeps their minds stimulated to avoid getting bored and restless. Without it, they can expend their high energy doing disruptive behavior. If you can’t train them on your own, contact an expert hander so they can teach your dog proper dog etiquette.

Family Life

Before owning a Caucasian Shepherd Dog, you should know that this dog is not for everyone. It requires an assertive owner who knows how to display strong leadership. If you plan to have this dog, you should not be easily swayed by its gooey eyes and stubborn major. You have to show that you are the Alpha —someone that your dog will follow in respect. Otherwise, your Caucasian Shepherd will grow up to be aggressive and directionless and could pose a danger to anyone who accidentally steps on the boundaries.

Children Compatibility

Anyone who belongs to the family is loved by the Caucasian Shepherd Dog. However, when it comes to children, they shouldn’t be left alone together unless they are properly socialized. When kids start to play rough, the dog unleashes its protective instincts. It has the need to protect the child from any harm even if it’s just a form of play. While this is a sweet and noble gesture, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog might overdo it and hurt other children in the process.

Owning A Caucasian Shepherd

Many people think that large dogs are prone to illnesses. While this is true to some, it’s different with Caucasian Shepherd. The only health issues they are diagnosed with are hip dysplasia and cataracts. To prevent these, it is important to consult your veterinarian regularly so they can administer occasional tests such as x-rays and eye examinations.

With the help of the vet, they can advise about the proper ways to care for your pooch. This includes their diet needs and grooming needs. Like any double-coated dog, the Caucasian Shepherd needs frequent hair brushing, nail clipping, and ear-cleaning. Aside from that, they also need regular baths to prevent pests infestations and skin allergies. When it comes to their exercise needs, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog needs an eight-mile walk for 30 to 60 minutes every day. If you can’t offer your time and effort to secure this requirement, this dog might not be for you.

It usually costs $500 to $800 to care for these dogs. Since they’re going to need more food due to their size, this will reflect on your expenses. Aside from that, this also includes their vaccination, licensing, consultations, and grooming expenses. But don’t worry! These costs will not amount to the protection and love that they offer you. Do you think you have what it takes to care for a Caucasian Shepherd? If so, there’s no stopping you from building a lifetime relationship with one of the world’s most protective dogs.

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